The fishing village of Sulamu in the south-east of Indonesia has everything ready for the arrival of the solar ice maker. A regional entrepreneur has constructed a building there to make ice blocks. The prototype of the machine, which has already successfully completed countless test runs, is packed up and ready to go in Surabaya, the capital of East Java province. All that is needed now is for the pandemic-related restrictions to be lifted and then the machine can get on the road – accompanied by experts to install it and train local staff.
Sulamu is in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, a good three hours by plane from the Indonesian capital. It is one of the least developed provinces in Indonesia. People make a living from farming and fishing. A lack of storage facilities means that there are huge food losses. Sulamu is a typical example of a small village on the archipelago that comprises some 17,500 islands with over 100,000 kilometres of coastline. Indonesia, which has a population of roughly 275 million, wants to conserve its fish stocks and safeguard or increase the income of local fishers. Uninterrupted chilling of the catch is crucial to achieving this. GIZ initiated and supported the development of a solar-powered ice maker to address this problem. Production was established in Indonesia in conjunction with several domestic, German and European companies.
Innovative technology for the local fishing sector
Development started in 2017, as an integral part of the Indonesian-German energy programme that had a number of different projects and commissioning parties. Currently the initiative is anchored in the ExploRE project (Strategic Exploration of Economic Mitigation Potential through Renewables), which was commissioned by the German Environment Ministry (BMU).
The challenge presented by the solar-powered ice block machine was the need to combine two technologies – solar power and innovative cooling technology. The solar ice maker was developed by the Institute of Air Handling and Refrigeration (ILK) in Dresden. The technology is in keeping with the philosophy of Industry 4.0 and guarantees dynamic production of up to 1.2 tonnes of ice blocks per day, automatically adjusting to the amount of solar energy available. Neither mains electricity nor large, expensive battery capacity are required. The technology is unique in that it is sensor-controlled, operates entirely on its own energy supply, and is climate neutral. Danny Wijaya, the engineer responsible in the team at the Indonesian manufacturer AIREF, is proud of this. AIREF is one of nine private businesses that cofinanced and drove forward efforts to put this Dresden-based development into practice in Indonesia.
It is now possible to produce blocks of ice in places that are off-grid and have no diesel generators. The energy provided by photovoltaics thanks to the high level of solar irradiation is used to make ice, which is then constantly available to chill the locally caught fish. It does this with the help of a natural coolant in the form of propane and ordinary salt water, which acts as a thermal energy store. Fish packed in ice has a higher value – in the case of sustainably caught tuna, for example, over 50 per cent more. That boosts the income of those fishers who operate sustainably, especially those in disadvantaged regions of Indonesia. Just one single solar ice maker saves 40 tonnes of CO2 per year and reduces fishing losses, resulting in an annual increase in value added for remote villages that is equivalent to EUR 115,000 per location.
A catalyst for sustainable development after the pandemic
After the pandemic, Indonesia would like to focus in the medium to long term on green investment and jobs, and use renewable energy to boost rural productivity. GIZ is supporting the dissemination of solar-powered ice makers through ExploRE. This is part of BMU’s Corona Response Package. ‘There is huge potential for this outstanding technology in Indonesia with its 800 small local ports,’ says Frank Stegmüller, who is responsible for the innovative ice makers at GIZ, explaining that the company is ready to produce many more machines within the space of two months. ‘Pandemic permitting,’ he adds.
Indonesia’s first solar ice maker is scheduled to go into operation in Sulamu in 2021. It will make this fishing village in the very south-east of the archipelago a prominent feature on the solar energy and sustainable development map.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the 2030 Agenda provide the framework for our activities around the world. Click on a goal to find out which projects in this report are helping to achieve it.
End poverty in all its forms everywhere
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Reduce inequality within and among countries
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
The 2030 Agenda and its 17 goals are important benchmarks for GIZ.